Cognition refer to the processes or faculties by which knowledge is acquired and manipulated; the activity of knowing and the processes through which knowledge is acquired; thought or belief . Cognition is the capacity for knowing, organizing perceptions, and problem solving. Moreover, Cognition is the part of the mental status examination that assesses the client’s orientation to time, place, and person; short- and long-term memory ; knowledge base and intellectual functioning; and insight and judgment.

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