Problem solving is an effort to overcome obstacles obstructing the path to a solution. Problem solving are the cognitive process or processes which is used in transforming starting information into a goal state, using specified means of solution. Problem solving, moreover, is the process in which someone has a specific goal in mind that cannot be attained immediately because of the presence of one or more obstacles. It involves a goal, obstacles to that goal, strategies for overcoming the obstacles, and an evaluation of the results.

In psychology, problem-solving refers to the cognitive process of finding a solution to a problem or obstacle. This process typically involves several steps, such as identifying the problem, generating potential solutions, evaluating those solutions, and implementing the chosen solution.

An example of problem-solving in psychology is a child learning to tie their shoelaces. The child first identifies the problem (not being able to tie their shoelaces) and then generates potential solutions (such as using a shoe with Velcro or asking for help). They then evaluate these solutions (realizing that Velcro shoes are not a long-term solution and that asking for help is not always possible) and implement the chosen solution (learning how to tie their shoelaces).

Another example is a person trying to figure out how to budget their money. They identify the problem (not being able to save money), generate potential solutions (such as cutting back on expenses or earning more income), evaluate these solutions (deciding which ones are practical and feasible), and implement the chosen solution (creating a budget and sticking to it).

Problem-solving is an important aspect of cognitive development and is critical for adapting to new situations, making decisions, and achieving goals.

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