Formal operations refers to the fourth stage in Piaget's Cognitive-developmental theory that is characterized by the capacity for flexible, reversible operations concerning abstract ideas and concepts, such as symbols, statements, and theories. Moreover, in Piaget's theory, it is the fourth and the final stage of Cognitive development , in which children over the age of 11 or 12 and beyond, when the individual begins to think more rationally and systematically about abstract concepts and hypothetical events and are able to apply abstract logical rules. It is characterized by the ability to think logically about abstract ideas and hypotheses as well as concrete facts; complex cognitive capacities, such as reasoning, hypothesis generation, and hypothesis testing .

Related Articles

Concrete operations at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Concrete operations refers to the third stage in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development applying . . . Read More
Integration at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Integration means linking individual motions into a coherent, coordinated whole; - - In psychology, . . . Read More
Formal Operational Stage (11 - 15 years) (Piaget) at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
- Formal Operational Stage (11 - 15 years) (Piaget) : Formal Operational Stage refers to the 3rd of the . . . Read More
Melanie Klein (1882 - 1960) at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
- Melanie Klein (1882 - 1960) : Melanie Klein refers to an early child analyst whose theory emphasized . . . Read More
Goal-corrected partnership at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
IGoal-corrected partnership is a term used in Bowlby's Attachment theory which refers to the capacity . . . Read More
Concrete Operational Stage at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■
Concrete Operational Stage: The Concrete Operational Stage (7 - 11 years) (Piaget) refers to the 3rd . . . Read More
Late adulthood at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■
Late adulthood is an alternative phrase for "Older adulthood"; - - In psychology, late adulthood is . . . Read More
Preoperational Period at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■
Preoperational Period refers to the second stage in Piaget’s theory of Cognitive development applying . . . Read More
Equilibration at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■
Equilibration is a term in Piaget's Theory referring to the process by which Balance is restored to the . . . Read More
Executive functioning at psychology-glossary.com■■■■
Executive functioning refers to cognitive abilities such as abstract thinking, planning, organizing, . . . Read More