Interview is defined as the structured or unstructured collection of survey data by means of direct face-to-face contact/meeting of an interviewer with a respondent held for the purpose of gaining information about a person´s personal history, personality traits, current psychological state, and so forth. Moreover, Interview refers to a data-collection encounter in which one person (an interviewer) asks questions to another (a respondent/interviewee). Interviews may be conducted face-to-face or by telephone; method of gathering information by talk, discussion or direct questions.

Description

An interview in the psychology context refers to a structured conversation between a psychologist and a client, in which the psychologist aims to gather information about the client's thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and experiences. The interview serves as a fundamental tool for psychologists to assess and diagnose mental health issues, develop treatment plans, and monitor progress. During the interview, the psychologist may ask a series of open-ended and closed-ended questions to gather comprehensive information about the client's background, symptoms, stressors, and coping mechanisms. Non-verbal cues, such as body language and tone of voice, are also important aspects of the interview process, as they can provide valuable insights into the client's emotional state. The information gathered during the interview is used to inform treatment decisions and interventions tailored to the client's specific needs.

Application Areas

  • Assessment and diagnosis of mental health disorders
  • Development of treatment plans
  • Monitoring progress and effectiveness of interventions
  • Exploration of underlying issues contributing to psychological symptoms
  • Identification of cognitive and emotional patterns

Treatment and Risks

  • Therapeutic interventions based on information gathered during the interview
  • Risks include potential re-traumatization for clients discussing sensitive topics
  • Confidentiality and ethical considerations in handling sensitive information disclosed during the interview
  • Client's right to withdraw from the interview process at any time

Examples

  • Initial intake interview to gather background information
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy session involving structured interviews to identify and challenge maladaptive thoughts and behaviors
  • Interview to assess the presence and severity of symptoms of a specific mental health disorder

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Clinical interview
  • Psychotherapy session
  • Psychological assessment
  • Therapeutic conversation

Articles with 'Interview' in the title

  • Adult Attachment Interview: Adult Attachment Interview : Adult Attachment Interview refers to a Clinical interview used with adolescents and adults to tap respondents" memories of their childhood relationships with parents in Order to assess the c haracter of . . .
  • Assessment interview: Assessment interview refers to one of the most basic techniques employed by the clinical psychologist for the purpose of answering a referral question
  • Behavioral interviews: Behavioral interviews refer to interviews conducted for the purpose of identifying a problem behavior, the situational factors that maintain the behavior, and the consequences that result from the behavior
  • Clinical interview: Clinical interview refers to a Research paradigm in which an investigator begins by asking participants a series of open-ended questions but follows up on the responses with specific questions that have been prepared in advance
  • Clinical interview method: Clinical interview method : Clinical interview method refers to an interview technique attributed to Piaget of probing children's reasoning processes- a way of combining performance assessments and interviews
  • Cognitive interview: Cognitive interview: Cognitive interview refers to a technique that is used to enhance the accuracy of a witness's information- the use of various cues and strategies to improve the memory of eye witnesses
  • Composite International Diagnostic Interview: The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) is a structured diagnostic interview designed to be used by trained interviewers who are not clinicians (Kessler et al
  • Computer-assisted self-interview: Computer-assisted self-interview: Computer-assisted self-interview or CASI refers to a method of data collection in which the respondent fills out questionnaires on a computer
  • Employment interview: Employment interview is defined as a method of selecting employees in which an interviewer asks questions to an applicant and then makes an employment decision based on the answers to the questions as well as the way in which the questions . . .
  • Interviewer bias: Interviewer bias refer to the bias of a researcher caused by his/her own opinions, thoughts, and attitudes about the research. Moreover, Interviewer bias is the influence of the researcher verbally asking participants questions on the . . .
  • Mental status examination interview: Mental status examination interview refers to an interview conducted to evaluate the patient for the presence of cognitive, emotional, or behavioral problems
  • Pre-interview stage: Pre-interview stage refers to "Stage 0" of the helping relationship, with its primary goal of Counselor being able to prepare for an optimal first professional encounter with the client
  • Semi-Structured Interviews: Semi-Structured Interviews refer to interviews that include specific questions designed to elicit information in a relatively consistent manner regardless of who is doing the interview
  • Semistructured interviews: Semistructured interviews refer to interviews that include specific questions designed to elicit information in a relatively consistent manner regardless of who is doing the interview
  • Structural Clinical Interview: The priority for a research diagnosis of depression is the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID), a clinical interview that uses the DSM-III-R criteria for illness
  • Unstructured interview: Unstructured interview refers to a series of open-ended questions aimed at determining the client's reasons for being in treatment, symptoms, health status, family background, and life history

Summary

An interview in the psychology context is a structured conversation between a psychologist and a client to gather information about the client's thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and experiences. This information is used to assess and diagnose mental health issues, develop treatment plans, and monitor progress. Non-verbal cues and communication play essential roles in the interview process, providing valuable insights into the client's emotional state. The interview informs treatment decisions and interventions tailored to the client's specific needs.

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