Matching is one term in connection with experiments that refers to the procedure whereby pairs of subjects are matched on the basis of their similarities on one or more variables, and one member of the pair is assigned to the experimental group and the other to the control group.

Matching is attempting to make different groups of subjects equivalent based upon subject char acteristics or scores on tests; the infant and the caregiver are involved in similar behaviors or states at the same time. Matching is also a term used when research participants in the experimental and control groups are "matched" or similar on variables, examples, age, sex, that may affect the outcome of the research; the assignment of individuals to groups so that a specific variable is balanced or matched across the groups.

Related Articles

Matched-subjects design at■■■■■■■■■■
Matched-subjects design refers to a research design comparing separate groups of individuals where each . . . Read More
Matched-groups design at■■■■■■■■■■
Matched-groups design is defined as a method of assigning participants in between-subjects designs in . . . Read More
Within-subjects design at■■■■■■■■■■
Within-subjects design refers to a research design in which the different groups of scores are all obtained . . . Read More
Control group at■■■■■■■■
- Control group : control group refers to group of individuals in a study who are similar to the experimental . . . Read More
Placebo control group at■■■■■■■■
- Placebo control group : Placebo Control group refers to a Group or Condition in which the participants . . . Read More
Randomization at■■■■■■■■
Randomization refers to the process whereby individuals are assigned to study groups without biases or . . . Read More
Between-Subjects Design at■■■■■■■■
Between-Subjects Design refers to a research design in which different groups of participants are randomly . . . Read More
Mixed Design at■■■■■■■■
Mixed Design refers to an experimental design containing both within- and between-subject independent . . . Read More
Experimental Realism at■■■■■■■
Experimental Realism refers to the degree to which the experiment absorbs and involves its participants; . . . Read More
Between-subjects design at■■■■■■■
Between-subjects design refers to a research design in which each of the different groups of scores is . . . Read More