Noise pollution is defined as stressful and intrusive noise; often artificially generated by machinery, but also including noises made by animals and humans.

Noise pollution is a form of environmental pollution that can have negative effects on human health and well-being. In psychology, noise pollution is studied in terms of its impact on cognitive, emotional, and physiological functioning.

Examples of noise pollution include:

  1. Traffic noise: Noise from cars, buses, and other vehicles can be a major source of noise pollution, particularly in urban areas.

  2. Industrial noise: Noise from factories and other industrial facilities can be very loud and disruptive to nearby residents.

  3. Aircraft noise: Noise from planes taking off and landing at airports can be a significant source of noise pollution, particularly for people living near airports.

  4. Construction noise: Noise from construction sites, particularly during early morning or late night hours, can be very disruptive to nearby residents.

  5. Household noise: Noise from appliances such as vacuum cleaners, blenders, and washing machines can also contribute to noise pollution, particularly if used at night or early in the morning.

Research has shown that exposure to noise pollution can have negative effects on physical and mental health. These effects can include increased stress, sleep disturbances, hearing damage, and cognitive impairment. Children and older adults may be particularly vulnerable to the negative effects of noise pollution.

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