Mental health refers to the capacity in an individual to function effectively in society. Mental health is highly variable in definition, depending on time and place.

The components can broadly be said to include:

1. the ability to empathise with others

2. the ability to develop socially, emotionally and intellectually

3. the ability to learn from periods of emotional difficulty and distress, and to develop because of them

4. the ability to initiate and sustain mutually satisfying relationships

Mental health problems are difficulties which arise in these areas, and are likely to have their roots in environmental, constitutional or social factors, or a combination of these. Mental health problems in children are common and are likely to affect over 1 in 5 of children or young people at some stage, and 1 in 4 adults. Mental disorders are less common, and are likely to affect less than 1 child in 10.


Mental health, in the psychology context, refers to the state of well-being in which an individual realizes their own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, work productively, and make a contribution to their community. It encompasses emotional, psychological, and social well-being. Mental health is essential for overall health and impacts how we think, feel, and act. It is influenced by biological, psychological, and environmental factors. Mental health disorders can affect mood, behavior, and cognition, leading to difficulties in functioning and impairments in daily life. Seeking professional help and support is crucial in managing mental health issues.

Application Areas

  • Clinical psychology
  • Counseling psychology
  • Community mental health programs
  • Psychiatric hospitals
  • School counseling services

Treatment and Risks

  • Counseling and therapy
  • Medication management
  • Hospitalization for severe cases
  • Self-harm and suicide risk
  • Stigma and discrimination


  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Emotional well-being
  • Psychological health
  • Psychological well-being
  • Emotional wellness
  • Psychological stability

Articles with 'Mental health' in the title

  • Mental Health Awareness: In the psychology context, Mental Health Awareness refers to the recognition and understanding of mental health conditions and the importance of maintaining mental well-being
  • Mental Health Break: A mental health break, also known as a mental health day or wellness day, is a term used in psychology to describe a period of time when an individual takes a break from their daily routine or responsibilities to focus on their mental . . .
  • Mental Health Nurse: Mental health nursing is a challenging and rewarding career path that involves providing care and support to individuals experiencing mental health problems
  • Mental Health Policy: In the psychology context, Mental Health Policy refers to the plans, laws, and regulations formulated by governments, organizations, and health systems to promote mental health, prevent mental health disorders, and ensure the provision . . .
  • Mental health services: Mental health services : Mental health services refers to various services provided to people of all ages, including counselling, psychiatric services, psychotherapy, support groups and crisis intervention


Mental health in psychology is the state of well-being that encompasses emotional, psychological, and social aspects. It is crucial for overall health and impacts how individuals think, feel, and act. Seek professional help and support to manage mental health disorders and improve functioning.


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