Deutsch: Selbstuntersuchung / Español: Autoexamen / Português: Autoexame / Français: Auto-examen / Italiano: Autoesame /

Self-Examination, in the context of psychology, refers to the deliberate and introspective process by which an individual explores and evaluates their thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and beliefs. This introspective practice involves deep reflection on one's own psyche, motivations, values, and experiences to gain insight, self-awareness, and personal growth. Self-examination is a fundamental aspect of self-discovery and can lead to increased self-understanding and well-being.

Examples of Sentences


  • Her daily self-examination routine included journaling and mindfulness meditation.
  • The therapist encouraged regular self-examinations to identify patterns of negative thought.
  • Engaging in self-examining exercises allowed him to address unresolved emotions.

International and National Examples:

  • Meditation Practices: Various meditation techniques, such as Vipassana and mindfulness meditation, are globally recognized for promoting deep self-examination and inner exploration.
  • Philosophical Traditions: Philosophical traditions like Stoicism and Existentialism encourage individuals to engage in self-examination to clarify their values and beliefs.
  • Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic approach emphasized the importance of self-examination to uncover unconscious thoughts and emotions.

Application Areas:

  • Personal Growth: Self-examination is often employed as a tool for personal development, helping individuals identify areas of improvement and set meaningful goals.
  • Therapy and Counseling: Psychotherapy often involves self-examination as clients explore their emotions, past experiences, and thought patterns to address psychological challenges.
  • Conflict Resolution: Self-examination can aid in resolving interpersonal conflicts by fostering empathy and understanding of one's own and others' perspectives.
  • Ethical Decision-Making: In ethical dilemmas, individuals may engage in self-examination to align their choices with their moral values.


  • Emotional Distress: Deep self-examination can sometimes lead to emotional distress, especially when confronting painful memories or unresolved issues.
  • Overanalysis: Excessive self-examination may result in overthinking or rumination, which can hinder decision-making and well-being.
  • Perfectionism: Some individuals may develop perfectionistic tendencies as a result of intense self-examination, leading to unrealistic expectations of themselves.
  • Avoidance: In some cases, self-examination may be used as a form of avoidance or procrastination, preventing individuals from taking necessary actions.


  • Balance: Strike a balance between self-examination and self-compassion, allowing room for self-acceptance and growth.
  • Professional Guidance: Seek guidance from therapists, counselors, or mentors to navigate complex emotional terrain during self-examination.
  • Mindfulness: Incorporate mindfulness practices to stay grounded and present during introspective moments.
  • Goal Setting: Set specific goals for your self-examination process to ensure it remains constructive and purposeful.

Treatment and Healing:

  • Psychotherapy: Therapy offers a structured and supportive environment for deep self-examination, helping individuals explore and address underlying issues.
  • Mindfulness-Based Approaches: Mindfulness-based therapies like Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) incorporate self-examination as a means to enhance emotional well-being.
  • Journaling: Regular journaling can facilitate self-examination by allowing individuals to record their thoughts and emotions, gaining insight over time.
  • Supportive Relationships: Trusted friends, family members, or support groups can provide valuable insights and emotional support during self-examination.

History and Legal Basics:

  • History: The practice of self-examination has roots in ancient philosophical and religious traditions, such as Stoicism and Buddhism, where introspection was encouraged for personal growth and enlightenment.
  • Legal Basics: Self-examination is a personal and ethical practice without specific legal regulations. However, confidentiality and privacy should be respected when discussing the outcomes of self-examination in therapeutic settings.

Similar Concepts or Synonyms:

  • Self-Reflection
  • Introspection
  • Self-Analysis
  • Self-Introspection
  • Self-Insight
  • Self-Awareness

Articles with 'Self-Examination' in the title

  • Breast Self-Examination (BSE): Breast Self-Examination (BSE) : Breast Self-Examination (BSE) refers to the monthly practice of checking the breasts to detect alterations in the underlying tissue


: In psychology, self-examination refers to the intentional and introspective process by which individuals explore their thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and beliefs to gain insight and self-awareness. This practice can be a valuable tool for personal development, therapy, and ethical decision-making. While it offers significant benefits, individuals should approach self-examination with balance and self-compassion, seeking professional guidance when needed. Ultimately, self-examination can lead to increased self-understanding and personal growth.