In psychology, a stimulus is any type of input that can be detected by one or more of the senses. Stimuli can be external, meaning that they come from the environment, or internal, meaning that they come from within the individual's own body.

Stimuli are an important part of psychological research, as they are used to study how individuals perceive, process, and respond to different types of input. For example, researchers may use visual stimuli, such as images or videos, to study visual perception, or they may use auditory stimuli, such as sounds or music, to study auditory perception.

In psychology, stimuli are often used to study learning and conditioning, which is the process by which individuals learn to associate certain stimuli with specific responses or outcomes. For example, in classical conditioning, an individual learns to associate a neutral stimulus (such as the sound of a bell) with an unconditioned stimulus (such as food) by repeatedly presenting the two stimuli together. After learning this association, the individual will respond to the neutral stimulus as if it were the unconditioned stimulus.

Stimuli can also be used in therapy to help individuals change their thoughts, feelings, or behaviors. For example, cognitive-behavioral therapy often involves identifying and modifying the stimuli that trigger negative thoughts or behaviors, in order to help individuals develop more adaptive responses.

Related Articles

Attenuation at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
Attenuation in the Psychology Context:Attenuation in psychology refers to the reduction or weakening . . . Read More
Distractor at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
Distractor is defined as a wrong choice in a selection test item. Moreover, Distractors are the alternatives . . . Read More
EAR at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
EAR stands for "Evoked Action Potential", or sometimes called "Evoked Potentials". It refers to the electrical . . . Read More
Stimulation at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
The term "stimulation" refers to the process of providing sensory input or environmental cues to an organism, . . . Read More
Inputs at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
Inputs is a term used in Equity theory that refer to the elements that employees put into their jobs . . . Read More
Urgency at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
In the psychology context, urgency refers to a personality trait or psychological state characterized . . . Read More
Discovery at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■
Discovery is defined as the pre-trial procedure whereby opposing sides supply information to each other . . . Read More
Delayed pairing at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■
Delayed pairing is a term used in Classical conditioning which is the presentation of the CS before the . . . Read More
Mental imagery at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■
Mental imagery refers to the internal representation of an external event It refers to the cognitive . . . Read More
Perceptual organization at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■
Perceptual organization is the process by which small elements become perceptually grouped into larger . . . Read More