Glossary A

- Avoidance goals : Avoidance goals refers to the goals framed in terms of avoiding unpleasant experiences, such as trying not to look foolish in public.

Avoidance learning refers to the avoidance of events or conditions associated with dreaded or aversive outcomes.

- Avoidance responses : Avoidance responses refer to responses that allow an organism to avoid contact with an aversive stimulus.

Avoidance theory of punishment refers to punishment involving a type of avoidance conditioning in which the avoidance response consists of any behavior other than the behavior being punished.

Avoidance-avoidance conflict refers to a conflict that arises when a choice must be made.

Avoidance-oriented coping strategy ((Endler & Parker, 1988) refers to one of the three (3) major (stress) coping strategies that reduces Stress by retreating into a different activity

- Avoidance –avoidance conflict : Avoidance-avoidance conflict refers to a conflict arising from having to choose between equally undesirable alternatives.

- Avoidant (minimizing) coping style : Avoidant (minimizing) coping style refers to the tendency to cope with threatening events by withdrawing, minimizing, or avoiding them; believed to be an effective short-term, though not an effective long-term, response to stress .