Automatisms refer to stereotyped hand movements or facial tics often seen during an absence seizure.

In the psychology context, automatisms refer to involuntary actions or movements that occur without conscious control. Here are some examples of automatisms:

  1. Reflexes: Reflexes are a classic example of an automatism. For instance, when you touch something hot, your hand automatically withdraws before you even have time to consciously process the pain.

  2. Habitual behaviors: Many of our daily activities, such as brushing our teeth or driving to work, become automatic over time. These actions are performed without conscious effort or attention.

  3. Tics: Tics are involuntary movements or vocalizations that are often associated with conditions such as Tourette's syndrome. For example, a person with a tic may involuntarily blink their eyes, shrug their shoulders, or make a repetitive sound.

  4. Absence seizures: Absence seizures are a type of seizure that can cause a brief loss of consciousness and may involve automatisms such as lip smacking, eye blinking, or hand movements.

  5. Automatic writing: In rare cases, people may experience automatic writing, which involves writing without conscious control. This can occur in conditions such as dissociative identity disorder or during a trance state.

Overall, automatisms are a common phenomenon in the human experience and can range from simple reflexes to complex behaviors. While many automatisms are harmless or even beneficial, they can also be a symptom of certain medical or psychological conditions.

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