Arbitration refers to the resolution of a conflict by a neutral third party who studies both sides and imposes a settlement. It is a form of Negotiation to resolve differences conducted by some impartial party.


Arbitration in psychology refers to a method of resolving disputes or conflicts between individuals or groups through a neutral third party, known as the arbitrator. This process is designed to help conflicting parties come to a resolution in a fair and impartial manner, without the need for lengthy legal proceedings or court trials.

During arbitration, the arbitrator serves as a mediator, listening to both sides of the dispute and providing guidance on how to reach a compromise or agreement. The arbitrator may also offer suggestions for finding common ground or addressing underlying issues that are causing the conflict.

Arbitration in psychology can be particularly useful in resolving interpersonal conflicts, such as disagreements between employees in a workplace or disputes between family members. By providing a neutral perspective and facilitating open communication, the arbitrator can help parties involved in the conflict gain a better understanding of each other's perspectives and work towards finding a mutually acceptable solution.

One of the key benefits of arbitration in psychology is its ability to promote reconciliation and restore relationships that may have been strained by conflict. By facilitating constructive dialogue and encouraging empathy and understanding, the arbitrator helps individuals in conflict move towards forgiveness and healing.

Arbitration in psychology can also be used in therapeutic settings, such as family therapy or couples counseling, to help individuals address and resolve underlying issues that are causing tension or discord in their relationships. Through arbitration, individuals can learn to communicate effectively, set boundaries, and navigate conflicts in a healthy and productive way.

Overall, arbitration in psychology emphasizes the importance of collaboration, compromise, and mutual respect in resolving conflicts and promoting positive relationships. By offering a structured and supportive environment for conflict resolution, arbitration can help individuals and groups navigate difficult issues and work towards finding peaceful and sustainable solutions.

Areas of Application

  • Family conflicts
  • Workplace disputes
  • Community disagreements
  • Therapeutic interventions
  • Group therapy sessions

Well-Known Examples

  • Mediation in family conflicts: A neutral arbitrator helps family members resolve disagreements and improve communication.
  • Conflict resolution in workplace disputes: Arbitration is used to settle conflicts between employees or between employees and management.
  • Arbitration in therapeutic interventions: Therapists may use arbitration techniques to help clients resolve conflicts and make decisions.
  • Arbitration in research disputes: When disagreements arise between researchers, arbitration can help resolve issues and maintain the integrity of the research process.
  • Arbitration in clinical supervision: Supervisors may use arbitration to address conflicts between therapists and ensure the quality of client care.

Treatment and Risks

  • Arbitration: A process where a neutral third party helps individuals or groups resolve conflicts by facilitating a fair discussion and reaching a mutually agreeable solution.
  • Benefits: Arbitration can provide a quicker and less costly alternative to resolving disputes compared to going through the court system.
  • Risks: There is a risk that one party may feel the arbitrator is biased or that the outcome is unfair.
  • Confidentiality: One of the key benefits of arbitration is that it usually involves a private and confidential process, unlike court proceedings.
  • Enforceability: Arbitration agreements typically result in decisions that are binding and enforceable in a court of law.

Similar Terms

  • Mediation: A process in which a neutral third party helps individuals in conflict come to a resolution.
  • Negotiation: The process of discussing issues in order to reach an agreement between conflicting parties.
  • Facilitation: A technique used to guide individuals or groups towards a resolution by promoting communication and problem-solving.
  • Conflict resolution: The process of resolving disagreements or disputes in a peaceful and constructive manner.
  • Conciliation: The act of mediating disputes between two parties in order to achieve a mutual agreement.

Examples of Sentences

  • Many psychologists advocate for the use of arbitration in resolving conflicts between individuals.
  • Some clients may prefer arbitrations over litigation due to the confidentiality it offers.
  • The psychologist's role in an arbitration is to remain neutral and help the parties reach a fair agreement.
  • She specializes in family law arbitration cases.
  • His expertise in arbitrating complex disputes makes him a sought-after psychologist in the field.


  • (American Psychological Association's information on arbitration in psychology)
  • (Psychology Today's guide to arbitration in therapy)
  • (British Psychological Society's resources on arbitration for psychologists)
  • (Australian Psychological Society's guidelines on arbitration in psychology)


Arbitration in psychology refers to the process of resolving disputes or conflicts through a neutral third party, known as an arbitrator. This method is often used in the field of psychology when individuals or groups cannot come to a resolution on their own. The arbitrator acts as a mediator, listening to both sides of the argument and providing a non-binding decision based on their expertise and experience. Arbitration can help facilitate communication, promote understanding, and ultimately lead to a mutually beneficial outcome for all parties involved.


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