- Baltes Life-span perspective/Social optimization with compensation (SOC) : Baltes Life-span perspective/Social optimization with compensation (SOC) is a theory on human development that proposed that development is multiply determined optimization of goals . This theory put emphasis on the interactions of all four (4) forces psychological, social, biological and life cycle forces on human development and cannot consider any in isolation . Life-span perspective view that human developent is multiply determined and cannot be understood within the scope of a single framework.

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