In the psychology context, ethanol refers to the psychoactive component found in alcoholic beverages. Ethanol is a central nervous system depressant that can alter mood, behavior, and cognitive function.
Some examples of the effects of ethanol on behavior and cognition include:
- Impaired judgment and decision-making abilities
- Decreased inhibitions and increased risk-taking behavior
- Impaired motor coordination and balance
- Reduced ability to concentrate and impaired memory
- Increased aggression and hostility in some individuals
- Euphoria and relaxation in moderate doses
In addition to its effects on behavior and cognition, ethanol can have negative long-term effects on physical health. Heavy and chronic alcohol use can lead to liver damage, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other health problems.