Hopelessness refers to the sense that the future is bleak and there is no way of making it more positive; a condition in which a person has no positive expectations for his or her future.

Hopelessness is a psychological state characterized by a belief that one's problems are unsolvable, that there is no way to change one's situation, and that the future is bleak and without hope. This state is often associated with depression and can lead to feelings of despair, helplessness, and suicidal ideation.

The hopelessness theory of depression proposes that depression arises from a belief that one has no control over their situation and that there is no hope for improvement. According to this theory, hopelessness is a major factor in the development and maintenance of depression.

Examples of situations that can lead to feelings of hopelessness include chronic illness, poverty, social isolation, and job loss. People who experience hopelessness may withdraw from social interaction, lose motivation, and have difficulty finding pleasure in activities they used to enjoy.

Treatment for hopelessness often involves cognitive-behavioral therapy, which focuses on identifying and changing negative thought patterns and developing more effective coping strategies. Antidepressant medications may also be used in conjunction with therapy to alleviate symptoms of depression and hopelessness.


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