Name-calling using negative or stereotyping words when in disagreement.

In psychology, the term "name-calling" refers to the use of derogatory or insulting language to label or describe someone or something. Name-calling is often used as a form of verbal abuse or aggression, and it can have a negative impact on the person being targeted, as well as on the overall social climate.

Name-calling can be motivated by a variety of factors, such as prejudice, discrimination, or a desire to hurt or degrade someone. It can have negative psychological consequences, such as feelings of shame, anger, or sadness, and it can contribute to the development of negative self-perceptions or self-esteem.

Examples of how name-calling might be relevant in psychology include: