overconfidence phenomenon refers to the tendency to be more confident than correct to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs. The concept of overconfidence is based on a large body of evidence from cognitive psychological experiments and surveys showing that individuals overestimate their own abilites or knowledge as well as the precision of their information.
behavior modification technique that involves having a child practice a positive response that is incompatible with an inappropriate behavior. Overcorrection is particularly effective in reducing self -stimulating and other inappropriate behaviors; a form of aversion therapy in which the client is made to "overcorrect" for the consequences of his or her undesired behavior. .
word usage that seems to reflect an overly inclusive meaning in the mind of the child, as in referring to all four-legged animals as "doggie" or calling a round clock a moon. Likewise, Overextension refers to the young child’s tendency to use relatively specific words to refer to a broader set of objects, actions, or events than adults do, example is the use of the word car to refer to all motor vehicles. Please see also Underextension.