In psychology, racism refers to attitudes, behaviors, and policies that are based on the belief that certain racial or ethnic groups are superior to others. Racism can take many forms, including overt discrimination, prejudice, and institutionalized forms of oppression.
There are many ways in which racism is studied in psychology. Research on this topic may focus on understanding the psychological and social factors that contribute to the development and maintenance of racist attitudes and behaviors, as well as the impact of racism on the well-being and functioning of individuals and communities. Other research may examine the ways in which racism can be addressed and prevented, and the role of interventions such as education and diversity training in promoting positive social change.
Examples of racism in psychology might include research on the psychological effects of discrimination on minority group members, the ways in which racist attitudes and behaviors are perpetuated and reinforced in society, or the impact of historical and institutional forms of racism on contemporary social inequalities. Understanding racism and its psychological and social effects can be an important aspect of research and theory development in psychology, as it can help inform the development of interventions and policies to promote social justice and equality.