Glossary A

Autoshaping refer to responses that are learned in experimental situations even though they are not necessary to obtain reinforcement . Autoshaped behaviors, like pecking in pigeons usually appear to be part of the organism’s repertoire of “natural” behaviors. A type of sign tracking in which a pigeon comes to automatically peck at a response key because the key light has been associated with the response-independent delivery of food is an example of Autoshaping.

Autosomal being or pertaining to a chromosome other than a sex chromosome.

Autosomal dominant pattern refers to a type of genetic transmission in which only one gene from one parent is necessary for a person to acquire a trait or a disease.

Autosomal gene refers to a gene on any of the chromosomes other than the sex chromosomes (X and Y).

Autosome refers to a chromosome not involved in sex determination.

Autosomes refer to the the 22 pairs of human chromosomes that are identical in males and females (non-sex chromosome ). Humans generally have 22 pairs of Autosomes in each cell of the body. These chromosomes are involved in transmitting all genetic traits and conditions other than those that are sex-linked.

Autotelic which means literally, "self projection".

Auxiliaries are members of a group or audience who play significant roles in the life of the protagonist.