Glossary A

Aaron Beck was born in Providence, Rhode Island. He completed his undergraduate studies at Brown University and received his M.D. in Psychiatry at Yale University in 1946. He was initially trained as a psychoanalyst and conducted research on the psychoanalytic treatment of depression. With out the strong ability to collect data to this end, he began exploring cognitive approaches to treatment. During these experiments , Beck identified patterns of thinking that correlated with symptoms of depression. In an effort to better understand depression and related illness , he developed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Scale for Suicide Ideation. Beck is best known for his cognitive approach to the treatment of disorders, especially depression, and for doing much of the initial research on the theory that distorted or inaccurate thoughts are a precursor in the development and maintenance of depression.

Aassertiveness means acting in one's own best interest by expressing one's feelings and thoughts honestly and directly.

AB design refers to a frequently used design in therapy in which a therapy (B) is instituted after measuring a particular behavior (A).

ABAB design refers to a single-subject experimental design consisting of four phases: a baseline phase, a treatment phase, a return-to-baseline phase, and a second treatment phase. ABAB design is also known as a reversal design . ABAB design is a completed reversal design often used in therapy such that the therapeutic procedure (B) is reintroduced

ABC triad means (A) affect (how people feel inside), (B) behavior (what people do), and (C) cognition (what people think about)

Abduction refers to lateral movement away from the midline of the trunk, as in raising the arms or legs to the side horizontally.

Abettor refers to a person who, with the requisite criminal intent, encourages, promotes, instigates, or stands ready to assist the perpetrator of a crime.

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