Endocrine gland is defined as a gland that produces and secretes its products directly into the blood or interstitial fluid (ductless glands); organ that produces and releases hormones into the blood.
The endocrine system is a network of glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream to help regulate various bodily functions such as growth and development, metabolism, mood, and sexual function.
Here are some examples of endocrine glands and the hormones they produce:
- Pituitary gland: produces hormones that regulate growth and development, as well as control other glands such as the thyroid and adrenal glands.
- Thyroid gland: produces hormones that regulate metabolism, energy levels, and body temperature.
- Adrenal gland: produces hormones that help the body respond to stress, regulate blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and control the body's "fight or flight" response.
- Pancreas: produces insulin and glucagon to regulate blood sugar levels.
- Gonads (ovaries and testes): produce hormones that regulate sexual development and function.