Glossary V

Victorian compromise refers to the decision not to criminalize behavior per se and instead criminalize conduct that is visible to the outside world.

In the psychology context, virtue refers to a trait or quality deemed to be morally good and thus is valued as a foundation of good moral being. In psychological terms, virtues are often considered as positive traits or characteristics that promote individual and collective well-being. They form the basis of ethical behavior and are integral to the development of personal identity and social relationships. Virtues can include qualities such as honesty, integrity, courage, compassion, and resilience.

Vision refers to the process by which light stimuli are transformed into neural signals that produce the experience of sight. This process involves both the physiological mechanisms of the eyes and the interpretative functions of the brain. Vision is not just about seeing; it's about interpreting and understanding the visual world. In psychology, the study of vision encompasses not only how visual information is processed but also how it influences human behavior, cognition, and perception.

A Visual Agnosia is the impaired ability to identify visual objects despite otherwise satisfactory vision

Visual discrimination refers to the ability to detect similarities and/or differences in materials which are presented visually, e.g., ability to discriminate h from n, o from c, b from d, etc.

Visual hallucination refers to the typeof Hallucination involving the false visual perception of objects or persons.

Visual learning is one of the three (3) learning styles which refers to "learning through seeing". Visual learners are individuals who need to see the teacher's body language and facial expression to fully understand the content of a lesson. They tend to prefer sitting at the front of the classroom to avoid visual obstructions, example other students heads. The visual learners may think in pictures and learn best from visual displays including: diagrams, illustrated text books, overhead transparencies and projectors, videos, flipcharts and hand-outs. During a lecture or classroom discussion, visual learners often prefer to take detailed notes to absorb the information.

Visual memory refers to the ability to retain information which is presented visually; may be short term memory, such as recalling information presented several seconds before; long term memory, such as recalling information presented more than a minute before; or sequential memory, such as recalling a series of information in proper order.

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