Glossary C

Cultural-familial retardation refers to substandard intellectual performance that is presumed to stem from lack of opportunity to acquire the knowledge and skills considered important within a cultural setting.

cultural–familial group refers to mental retardation in which there is no evidence of organic brain damage (usually associated with mild MR).

cultural–familial mental retardation refers to a mild form of mental retardation that may be caused largely by environmental influences.

Cultural/test-bias hypothesis refers to the notion that IQ tests and testing procedures have a built-in, middle-class bias that explains the substandard performance of children from lower-class and minority subcultures.
Culturally appropriate reactions is a term used from a diagnostic standpoint that refers to culturally appropriate reactions to life events which are are not often diagnosable as mental disorders, even when they cause distress or dysfunction in the client’s life.

Culturally skilled therapist refers to a therapist who has the awareness , knowledge, and skills necessary to treat clients from diverse cultural backgrounds.

Culture is defined as an on-going pattern of life, characterizing a society at a given point in history; the enduring behaviors , ideas, attitudes , behaviors, artifacts , and traditions which characterize a group of people or shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next.

- Culture conflict : Culture conflict refers a sociological perspective on crime which suggests that the root cause of criminality can be found in a clash of values between variously socialized groups over what is acceptable or proper behavior.