Glossary C

Cystectomy refers to the surgical removal of the bladder.

Cystic fibrosis refers to a fatal genetic disorder in which mucus obstructs the lungs and pancreas.

Cystitis refers to the inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis can be due for example to infection from bacteria that ascend the urethra (the canal from the outside) to the bladder.

Cytoarchitectonic dysplasia refers to a focal pathologic change of the cellular organization of brain cells.

Cytokines refer to compounds from the immune system, some of which are involved with the level of sleepiness.

Cytomegalovirus refers to a virus that can lead to diarrhea, weight loss, headache, fever, confusion, or blurred vision.

Cytoplasm refer to the contents of the cell surrounding the nucleus. Cytoplasm is called Sarcoplasm in muscle cells.

Cytotoxicity is defined as the degree to which something is toxic to living cells and a measure of the strength of immune cells.