New information is a kind of information that the comprehender, reader or listener, is assumed not to know.

In psychology, new information refers to any information or knowledge that is acquired after a person has already formed a belief or opinion on a particular topic. This new information can challenge or confirm existing beliefs, and it can lead to changes in attitudes or behavior. Here are some examples of how new information is used in psychology:

  • Attitude change: New information can lead to changes in attitudes, beliefs, and opinions. For example, a person who is opposed to a particular political candidate might change their mind after learning new information about their policies or personal history.

  • Cognitive dissonance: New information can create cognitive dissonance, which is a state of psychological discomfort that arises when a person holds conflicting beliefs or attitudes. For example, a person who believes that they are a good driver might experience cognitive dissonance after receiving a speeding ticket.

  • Learning and memory: New information can be incorporated into existing knowledge structures through the process of learning and memory. For example, a student might learn new information about a particular topic in school and incorporate that knowledge into their existing understanding of the subject.

  • Decision-making: New information can influence the decisions that people make. For example, a person might decide to purchase a particular product after learning new information about its features or benefits.

  • Problem-solving: New information can be used to solve problems or make decisions. For example, a person might learn new information about a health condition and use that information to make decisions about treatment options.

Overall, new information is a crucial component of psychological processes such as learning, memory, decision-making, and problem-solving. It can influence attitudes, beliefs, and behavior and can lead to changes in the way that people think about and interact with the world around them.