Glossary S

Satiation is the opposite of deprivation. The more frequently a person has received a particular reinforcer in the recent past, the more satiated he or she is. Satiation is likewise defined as the prolonged exposure to (or consumption of ) an event that tends to decrease the appetitiveness of that event.

Deutsch: Zufriedenheit / Español: Satisfacción / Português: Satisfação / Français: Satisfaction / Italiano: Soddisfazione /

In psychology, "satisfaction" refers to an individual's overall contentment or fulfillment with various aspects of their life, experiences, or achievements. It is a complex emotional and cognitive state that can be influenced by a wide range of factors, including personal goals, expectations, social comparisons, and environmental circumstances. Understanding satisfaction is essential in psychology as it plays a significant role in human well-being, motivation, and decision-making.

Satyriasis is term that is used to describe men who engage in frequent or promiscuous sex. Satyriasis is also defined as an excessive, insatiable sex drive in a man. Satyriasis is also called Don Juanism.

Say-Do Correspondence refers to a close match between what we say we are going to do and what we actually do at a later time.

In the realm of psychology, a scaffold refers to a supportive structure or framework that assists individuals in their cognitive and behavioral development. This concept draws inspiration from Lev Vygotsky's socio-cultural theory of learning, where scaffolding represents the guidance and support provided by more knowledgeable individuals or educators to help learners accomplish tasks beyond their current abilities. Scaffolds can take various forms, such as verbal cues, prompts, feedback, or physical aids, and they are designed to gradually fade as individuals become more independent and proficient in their skills.

Deutsch: Skala / Español: Escala / Português: Escala / Français: Échelle / Italiano: Scala

(1) A type of composite measure composed of several items that have a logical or empirical structure among them. Examples of scales include Bogardus social distance, Guttman, Likert, and Thurstone scales. Contrasted with index. (2) One of the less appetizing parts of a fish.

Scale in the psychology context generally refers to a set of standardized questions or tasks designed to measure specific psychological attributes, traits, or abilities. These scales are crucial tools in psychological research and clinical practice, providing a systematic way to quantify complex constructs like intelligence, personality, mental health status, and many other psychological phenomena.

Deutsch: Skalierung / Español: Escalado / Português: Escalonamento / Français: Échelonnement / Italian: Scalatura

Scaling in psychology refers to the process of measuring or quantifying the attributes, attitudes, or behaviors of individuals on a continuum or scale. This technique is used to assess the intensity, frequency, or magnitude of psychological constructs and is fundamental in psychological testing, research, and clinical assessments.


Scaling in psychology involves the use of various methods to create scales that can measure different psychological traits or behaviors. The primary goal of scaling is to provide a quantitative measure that can be used to compare individuals or groups, track changes over time, and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions. Scaling methods are integral to the development of psychological tests and surveys, which are used in both clinical and research settings.

There are several types of scaling techniques used in psychology:

  1. Nominal Scaling: Categorizes data without any order or ranking (e.g., gender, race).
  2. Ordinal Scaling: Ranks data in a specific order but does not quantify the difference between ranks (e.g., Likert scales).
  3. Interval Scaling: Measures the difference between data points with equal intervals but no true zero point (e.g., temperature scales).
  4. Ratio Scaling: Similar to interval scales but includes a true zero point, allowing for the comparison of absolute magnitudes (e.g., weight, height).

One of the most common scaling methods in psychology is the Likert scale, which is used to measure attitudes or opinions. Respondents indicate their level of agreement or disagreement with a series of statements on a scale, typically ranging from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree."

Scaling is essential for creating reliable and valid psychological assessments. It helps psychologists to quantify abstract concepts such as intelligence, personality traits, anxiety levels, and depression severity. By doing so, they can make more accurate diagnoses, develop effective treatment plans, and conduct meaningful research.

Application Areas

  • Clinical Psychology: Scaling is used to assess symptoms of mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD, through standardized questionnaires and tests.
  • Educational Psychology: Teachers and researchers use scaling to measure students' academic abilities, attitudes towards learning, and social skills.
  • Social Psychology: Scaling techniques help to quantify social attitudes, prejudices, and group dynamics.
  • Organizational Psychology: In the workplace, scaling is used to evaluate employee satisfaction, performance, and job-related stress.
  • Developmental Psychology: Researchers use scaling to track developmental milestones and changes in behavior over time.

Well-Known Examples

  • Beck Depression Inventory (BDI): A widely used scale for measuring the severity of depression symptoms.
  • Likert Scale: Commonly used in surveys to measure attitudes, opinions, and behaviors, such as customer satisfaction surveys.
  • IQ Tests: Use scaling methods to measure intelligence and cognitive abilities.
  • DSM-5 Symptom Scales: Used by clinicians to assess the presence and severity of various mental health disorders.

Treatment and Risks

Scaling is generally a safe and non-invasive method for measuring psychological constructs. However, there are potential risks and challenges associated with its use. One risk is the possibility of response bias, where individuals may answer questions in a way that they think is socially desirable rather than truthful. Another challenge is ensuring the reliability and validity of the scales, as poorly designed scales can lead to inaccurate measurements and conclusions.

In clinical settings, it is crucial to use well-validated and reliable scales to ensure accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. Psychologists must also be aware of cultural differences that may affect how individuals respond to scaled questions, and they should consider these factors when interpreting results.

Examples of Sentences

  • "The psychologist used a scaling method to assess the severity of the patient's anxiety symptoms."
  • "In the survey, participants rated their job satisfaction on a Likert scale from 1 to 5."
  • "The research study involved scaling social attitudes towards climate change."

Similar Terms

  • Measurement: The process of obtaining a quantitative value for a variable.
  • Assessment: The evaluation or estimation of the nature, quality, or ability of someone or something.
  • Quantification: The act of measuring or expressing something as a quantity.
  • Rating: Assigning a value to something based on a particular scale.


Scaling in psychology is a fundamental process used to measure and quantify psychological attributes, attitudes, and behaviors. It involves various methods to create scales that provide quantitative data for comparison and analysis. Scaling is crucial in clinical assessments, research, and educational settings, helping psychologists to make accurate diagnoses, evaluate interventions, and understand complex psychological constructs. Despite its challenges, such as response bias and ensuring validity, scaling remains a vital tool in the field of psychology.


Scapegoat refers to an individual or Group who is unfairly held responsible for a negative event and outcome; the innocent target of interpersonal hostility.