Glossary S

In the context of psychology, a scheme (often spelled "schema") refers to a cognitive framework or concept that helps individuals organize and interpret information. Schemas are used to make sense of the world and can influence how we take in and process new information.

According to Piaget, an action pattern or mental structure that is involved in the acquisition and organization of knowledge.

Deutsch: Spaltung / Español: Cisma / Português: Cisma / Français: Schisme / Italiano: Scisma /

In psychology, "schism" refers to a significant division, conflict, or rift within an individual's psyche or between different aspects of their personality. It represents a state of inner discord or fragmentation, where conflicting thoughts, emotions, or beliefs create a sense of disunity and psychological distress. Schism can manifest in various forms, leading to inner turmoil and challenging interpersonal relationships. In this article, we will explore the concept of schism in psychology, provide examples, discuss potential risks and application areas, offer recommendations for addressing and healing schism, and briefly touch upon historical and legal perspectives. Finally, we will list some similar psychological concepts.

Schizoaffective disorder refers to a psychotic disorder involving the experience of a major depressive episode, a manic episode, or a mixed episode while also meeting the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia. Schizoaffective disorder also refers to a psychotic disorder featuring symptoms of both schizophrenia and major mood disorder.

Schizoid personality disorder refers to a syndrome marked by a chronic lack of interest in and avoidance of interpersonal relationships as well as emotional coldness in interactions with others; a Cluster A personality disorder characterized by social withdrawal and/or odd or strange mannerisms; symptoms include magical thinking, ideas of reference, illusions, and derealization.

Schizophrenia refers to a psychotic mental disorder of unknown etiology characterized by disturbances in thinking, mood, and behavior.

Schizophrenia spectrum disorders is a term used by some researchers to characterize a continuum of disorders, including Schizophrenia, Schizoid personality disorder, and Schizotypal personality disorder.

Schizophrenia, catatonic type refers to a type of Schizophrenia characterized by a variety of bodily movement abnormalities.
Schizophrenia, disorganized type refers to a type of Schizophrenia characterized by a combination of symptoms, including disorganized speech and behavior and flat or inappropriate affect. Even delusions and hallucinations lack a coherent theme.