Glossary S

Scoptophilia refers to sexual paraphilia in which the person becomes sexually aroused by observing others' sexual acts and genitals.

The Scoring rubric is a rating scale based upon written descriptions of varied levels of achievement in a performance assessment

Screen readers refer to computer software programs that are designed to read the text of menu commands and other navigation features aloud to an individual who has difficulty reading them on their own. Common screen readers are WindowEyes and JAWS (Job Access With Speech).

Screening refers to the identification of subjects at risk for a specific negative psychological outcome.

Scripts refer to knowledge structures relating to general events

SD is the abbreviations of Discriminative stimulus, a stimulus that indicates whether or not a response will be reinforced; stimulus in the presence of which responses are reinforced and in the absence of which they are not reinforced.

SD (Discriminative stimulus) refers to ann environmental stimulus that is capable of eliciting a particular behavior ; for example, the sight of food may act as a discriminative stimulus for eating.
SDN is the abbreviations of Sexually dimorphic nucleus, a part of the medial preoptic Nucleus of the hypothalamus, larger in males than in females and linked to male sexual behavior.

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