Glossary A

Aversive classical conditioning refers to the pairing of alcohol with a substance , such as Disulfiram that will interact with it to cause nausea or vomiting in order to make alcohol itself a conditioned stimulus to be avoided.

Aversive conditioning refers to a form of Conditioning in which a painful stimulus is paired with an initially neutral stimulus.

Aversive Control strategy is the strategy of using aversive Control if positive Control fails. This strategy consists of two (2) tactics:

1. Decrease undesirable Behavior through

Aversive racism refers to a genuine Desire to be non-prejudiced accompanied by negative feelings toward outgroup members; a "modern” kind of Prejudice held by people who do not consi

Aversive stimulus refers to a stimulus or an that is painful or uncomfortable which an organism will avoid.

Aversiveness refers to the unpleasantness or negative emotional experience associated with a stimulus, situation, or behavior. It is the degree to which something is disliked or avoided by an individual, and can be influenced by a variety of factors such as personal preferences, past experiences, cultural values, and social norms. Aversiveness is often studied in the context of conditioning and reinforcement, where certain behaviors or stimuli are associated with negative outcomes or punishments, leading to avoidance or decreased likelihood of occurrence.

- Avicenna (980 to 1037) : Avicenna refers to a Muslim physician and philosopher whose translations of, and commentaries on, the works of Aristotle strongly influenced subsequent Western philosophers.

Avoidance this means avoiding a problem by walking away, ignoring what is happening, refusing to participate in a conflict situation.

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