Glossary A

- Avoidance responses : Avoidance responses refer to responses that allow an organism to avoid contact with an aversive stimulus.

Avoidance theory of punishment refers to punishment involving a type of avoidance conditioning in which the avoidance response consists of any behavior other than the behavior being punished.

Avoidance-avoidance conflict refers to a conflict that arises when a choice must be made.

Avoidance-oriented coping strategy ((Endler & Parker, 1988) refers to one of the three (3) major (stress) coping strategies that reduces Stress by retreating into a different activity

- Avoidance –avoidance conflict : Avoidance-avoidance conflict refers to a conflict arising from having to choose between equally undesirable alternatives.

- Avoidant (minimizing) coping style : Avoidant (minimizing) coping style refers to the tendency to cope with threatening events by withdrawing, minimizing, or avoiding them; believed to be an effective short-term, though not an effective long-term, response to stress .

Avoidant attachment refers to a pattern of attachment in which an infant avoids contact with the parent and shows no preference for the parent over other people.

Avoidant attachment style refers to an attachment style characterized by a suppression of attachment needs, because attempts to be intimate have been rebuffed; people with this style find it difficult to develop intimate relationships.