mechanisms , including the heart, blood vessels, and their controllers, responsible for transporting blood to the body’s tissues and organs. Psychological factors may play important roles in such diseases and their treatments .
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) : Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refer to disorders of the circulatory system , including coronary artery disease and stroke . Cardiovascular diseases are general category of diseases resulting from problems with the heart and the circulatory system. It include Coronary heart disease (CHD) which is also referred to as Coronary artery disease or CAD and heart failure (both commonly referred to as heart attacks), strokes, and hypertension or high blood pressure .
reactivity (CVR) : Cardiovascular reactivity (CVR refers to an increase in blood pressure and heart rate as a reaction to frustration or harassment; changes in heart rate and blood pressure in response to stress . Reactivity varies greatly between individuals and is a key physiological risk factor for the development of Cardiovascular disease.