Glossary C

Carotid bodies refer to chemoreceptors located in the internal carotid artery; respond to changes in arterial PO2, PCO2, and pH.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome refers to a chronic disorder of the hand and wrist, due to a compression of a nerve ; usually caused by repetitive work that puts stress on the wrist joint and heel of the hand.

Carrier refers to a person who carries and transmits characteristics but does not exhibit them. Moreover, a Carrier refers to a heterozygous individual who displays no sign of a recessive allele in his or her own phenotype but can pass this gene to offspring.

Carryover effect refers to the relatively permanent effect that testing subjects in one condition has on their later behavior in another condition. Carryover effects are changes in the scores observed in one treatment condition that are caused by the lingering after-effects of a specific earlier treatment condition.

Carstensen was responsible for the Socio-emotional Selectivity Theory proposes that people prune their social networks to maintain a desired emotional state depending on the extent to which time is perceived as limited. Basic functions of social interaction, such as maintaining a good mood, differ in respect to their relative importance for determining social preferences across the lifespan.

Cartilaginous joints refer to joints joined together by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage, allowing very slight movement, such as synchondrosis and symphysis.

A case can refer to a specific individual or group who is being studied or treated. For example, a psychologist might work with a single patient on a one-on-one basis, in which case that patient would be referred to as a "case." Similarly, a group of patients being treated in a group therapy setting might be referred to as a "case group."

Case advocacy refers to situations in which an identified, individual case, whether a person or a larger unit, is the subject of change efforts.