Depressive disorders is defined as emotional disorders primarily involving sadness, despondency, and depression.

Depressive disorders refer to a group of mental health conditions characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed. There are several types of depressive disorders, including:

  1. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): This is the most common type of depressive disorder and is characterized by a persistent low mood, loss of interest or pleasure in activities, feelings of worthlessness, and difficulty sleeping or concentrating. It can occur as a single episode or multiple episodes throughout a person's life.

  2. Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD): This is a chronic form of depression that lasts for two years or more. Symptoms are less severe than those of MDD but can persist for a longer period of time, making it more difficult for the person to function in daily life.

  3. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): This is a type of depression that occurs during the fall and winter months when there is less sunlight. Symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, and increased sleepiness.

  4. Postpartum Depression (PPD): This is a type of depression that occurs after childbirth. Symptoms include feelings of sadness, fatigue, and irritability.

  5. Bipolar Disorder: This is a mood disorder characterized by periods of depression alternating with periods of mania or hypomania (a less severe form of mania). During manic episodes, people may feel overly energetic, have racing thoughts, and engage in risky behaviors.

These are just a few examples of the different types of depressive disorders. It's important to note that everyone experiences depression differently, and there are many factors that can contribute to the development of depressive disorders, including genetics, brain chemistry, and life events. Treatment options for depressive disorders include therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes.

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