Mania refers to period of abnormally excessive elation or euphoria associated with some mood disorders.

Mania is a psychological state characterized by elevated or irritable mood, energy, and activity levels. It is often associated with bipolar disorder, but can also occur as a symptom of other mental health conditions or as a result of substance use.

Here are some examples of how mania can manifest in the psychology context:

  1. Bipolar disorder: In bipolar disorder, manic episodes alternate with periods of depression. During a manic episode, individuals may experience symptoms such as high levels of energy and activity, racing thoughts, reduced need for sleep, grandiosity or inflated self-esteem, and reckless or impulsive behavior. These symptoms can be severe enough to impair social or occupational functioning.

  2. Substance-induced mania: Certain substances, such as stimulants or hallucinogens, can trigger manic-like symptoms. For example, individuals who use cocaine or amphetamines may experience elevated mood, increased energy and activity, and impulsive behavior.

  3. Mania in other mental health conditions: Mania can also occur as a symptom of other mental health conditions, such as borderline personality disorder or schizoaffective disorder. In these cases, manic symptoms may co-occur with other symptoms such as paranoia, dissociation, or self-harm.

  4. Hypomania: Hypomania is a milder form of mania that is less severe and less impairing than a full manic episode. Individuals experiencing hypomania may still have elevated mood and increased energy, but to a lesser degree than in a full manic episode.

Overall, mania can be a complex and challenging symptom to manage, particularly when it is part of a larger mental health condition such as bipolar disorder. Effective treatment may involve a combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes to help manage symptoms and improve overall functioning.

Other /More definition:
mania is an abnormally elevated or expansive mood.

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