Holistic perspective refers to a unified view of the developmental process that emphasizes the interrelationships among the physical/biological, mental, social, and emotional aspects of human development.
In psychology, a holistic perspective refers to an approach that emphasizes the interconnectedness and integration of various aspects of human experience, such as thoughts, emotions, behaviors, and social context. It views the individual as a whole entity, rather than a collection of isolated parts, and seeks to understand the complex interplay between different factors that contribute to psychological functioning and well-being.
Examples of the holistic perspective in psychology include:
Humanistic psychology: This approach emphasizes the importance of self-actualization, personal growth, and subjective experience in understanding human behavior. It views individuals as unique, autonomous beings with the capacity for choice and creativity, and emphasizes the importance of the therapeutic relationship in facilitating personal growth.
Ecological systems theory: This theory, developed by psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner, emphasizes the importance of the social context in shaping psychological development. It posits that individuals exist within nested systems of influence, ranging from the immediate microsystem of family and peers to the larger macrosystem of cultural and historical factors.
Positive psychology: This approach emphasizes the importance of promoting well-being and flourishing, rather than simply addressing pathology and dysfunction. It emphasizes the importance of positive emotions, strengths, and virtues in promoting resilience and optimal functioning.
Mindfulness-based interventions: These interventions, such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), emphasize the importance of present-moment awareness and acceptance in promoting psychological well-being. They seek to promote integration and balance between different aspects of experience, such as thoughts, emotions, and bodily sensations.
Overall, the holistic perspective in psychology emphasizes the importance of understanding the complex interplay between different factors that contribute to psychological functioning and well-being, and seeks to promote integration and balance across these different domains.