Glossary O

Odds ratio refers to ratio of the odds of an event occurring in one group to the odds of it occurring in another group. An odds ratio of 1 suggests the phenomenon is equally likely in both groups. An odds ratio greater than 1 suggests the phenomenon is more likely to occur in the first group.

Oedipal complex is a term which according to Freud refers to a child's erotically tinged desires for the other-sex parent, accompanied by feelings of hostility toward the same-sex parent.

Oedipal morality is Freud’s theory that moral development occurs during the phallic period (ages 3 to 6) when children internalize the moral standards of the same-sex parent as they resolve their Oedipus or Electra conflicts

Oedipus complex refers to the Freud's theory where the boys want to kill his father and sleep with his mother because of sexual attraction to mother.

Offense refers to a violation of the criminal law, or, in some jurisdictions, it is a minor crime, such as jaywalking, sometimes described as ticketable crime

Offering alternatives refers to the least potentially harmful of three problem-focused, commonly used, skills in which a number of options toward working on identified problems are given. Please see also Information-giving and Advice-giving.

- Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONCDP) : Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONCDP) refers to an agency which monitors and studies the use of drugs in the United States

Official assessments are assessments, such as grading, grouping, placing, and promoting pupils, that teachers are required to carry out because of their official responsibilities.

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