Odds ratio refers to ratio of the odds of an event occurring in one group to the odds of it occurring in another group. An odds ratio of 1 suggests the phenomenon is equally likely in both groups. An odds ratio greater than 1 suggests the phenomenon is more likely to occur in the first group.
Oedipal morality is Freud’s theory that moral development occurs during the phallic period (ages 3 to 6) when children internalize the moral standards of the same-sex parent as they resolve their Oedipus or Electra conflicts
Offering alternatives refers to the least potentially harmful of three problem-focused, commonly used, skills in which a number of options toward working on identified problems are given.
Please see also Information-giving and Advice-giving.