Problem-focused coping refers to coping style in which the individual takes action to reduce stress by changing whatever it is about the situation that makes it stressful.

Problem-focused coping is a type of coping strategy that involves taking active steps to solve or manage the underlying problem that is causing stress or anxiety. This approach is typically used when a stressful or challenging situation can be changed or altered through some kind of action. Here are some examples of problem-focused coping:

  1. Time management: If a person is feeling overwhelmed with a heavy workload, they may use problem-focused coping to manage their time more effectively. This could involve breaking down tasks into smaller, more manageable parts, prioritizing tasks, and setting clear goals and deadlines.

  2. Seeking support: If a person is facing a difficult situation, such as a health issue or family problem, they may use problem-focused coping to seek support from others. This could involve reaching out to friends, family, or a therapist to get help and advice on how to manage the situation.

  3. Confronting a problem head-on: If a person is facing a difficult decision or problem, they may use problem-focused coping to confront the issue directly. This could involve gathering information, weighing the pros and cons, and making a plan of action to address the problem.

  4. Making a plan: If a person is feeling anxious or stressed about a future event, such as an exam or job interview, they may use problem-focused coping to make a plan to prepare for the event. This could involve studying, practicing, or seeking advice from others who have gone through a similar experience.

In general, problem-focused coping is a proactive approach to managing stress and anxiety. It can be effective in situations where there is a clear problem to be solved or managed. However, in some cases, problem-focused coping may not be the most effective approach, such as in situations where the problem is out of a person's control or when emotions need to be processed before a solution can be found.