Glossary S

substance dependence refers to a diagnosis of an adolescent (or adult) who must show a maladaptive pattern of substance use for at least 12 months, accompanied by three (3) or more significant clinical signs of distress tolerance (the need for increased amounts to achieve intoxication), withdrawal (cognitive and physiological changes upon discontinuation of the drug), and other indices of compulsive use. Substance dependence is also characterized as with or without physiological dependence (i.e., with or without evidence of tolerance or withdrawal).

Substance intoxication refers to the temporary maladaptive experience of behavioral or psychological changes that are due to the accumulation of a substance in the body. It is physiological reaction, such as impaired judgment and motor ability, as well as mood change, resulting from the ingestion of a psychoactive substance.

Substance misuse refers to the use of substances in a manner for which they were not intended.

- Substance use disorders (SUDs) : substance use disorders (SUDs) refer to disorders that occur during adolescence and include substance dependence and substance abuse, which result from the self -administration of any substance that alters mood, perception, or brain functioning.
Substance withdrawal refers to psychological and physical changes that occur when some substances are discontinued.

- Substance-Induced Persisting Amnestic Disorder : Substance-Induced Persisting Amnestic Disorder refers to an amnestic disorder caused by drugs or environmental toxins.

Substance-Induced Persisting Dementia refers to a form of Dementia caused by the ingestion of substances, such as drugs, or exposure to toxins.

substance-related disorder refers to one of a range of problems associated with the use and abuse of drugs such as alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and other substances people use to alter the way they think, feel, and behave.