memory is defined as a form of memory that is explicit, verbalizable, and accessible to conscious awareness . It is the part of long-term memory containing specific factual information. Declarative memory refers to memory that a person can state in words; a memory system thought to contain knowledge, facts, information, ideas, or anything that can be recalled and described in words, pictures, or symbols. Moreover,they are facts and events stored in the long-term memory, which come in two (2) types: Episodic and Semantic memory.
metacognition refers to the explicit, conscious, and factual knowledge a person has about the characteristics of the task he or she is performing, one's own weak and strong points with respect to performing the task, and the possible strategies that could be used on the task.