Glossary D

Decision analysis refers to a technology that helps people gather and integrate information in an optimal way.

Decision making refers to the process(es) by which an individual selects one course of action from among alternatives.
Decision structuring refers to the process(es) by which an individual establishes the criteria and options for consideration.
Decision tree refers to a strategy used for diagnosis , consisting of yes/no questions that guide clinicians in ruling in or out psychological disorders.

Decisions are generally the choices made around problem areas in organizations , which include: (1) Programmed decisions -the same type of decisions made regularly;. (2) Non-programmed decisions - decisions for which there are no previous case and examples to follow;. (3) Top-down decisions- are those made at senior levels in the company/organization; and (4) Empowered decisions - are those made at the lowest levels at which decisions can be made.

Declarative knowledge is defined as the knowledge of facts that can be stated

Declarative memory is defined as a form of memory that is explicit, verbalizable, and accessible to conscious awareness . It is the part of long-term memory containing specific factual information. Declarative memory refers to memory that a person can state in words; a memory system thought to contain knowledge, facts, information, ideas, or anything that can be recalled and described in words, pictures, or symbols. Moreover,they are facts and events stored in the long-term memory, which come in two (2) types: Episodic and Semantic memory.

Declarative metacognition refers to the explicit, conscious, and factual knowledge a person has about the characteristics of the task he or she is performing, one's own weak and strong points with respect to performing the task, and the possible strategies that could be used on the task.