Glossary I

Ideal self refers to an idealized image of oneself. It is the person who one would like to be. It also refers to a conception of the self describing our perception of how we would ideally like to be

In the psychology context, idealism refers to a cognitive and philosophical stance emphasizing the importance of mental representations, ideas, and perceptions in shaping one's understanding of the world. It involves the belief that reality is mentally constructed or heavily influenced by our perceptions and cognitive structures, rather than existing independently of the mind.

Idealists refer to those who believe that ultimate reality consists of ideas or perceptions and is therefore not physical.

Idealization refers to a second basic need for the developing child in Self psychology is a view of parents as powerful and flawless. The Idealization provides an internalized object representing that part of the self striving for perfection and acting in good conscience.

Identical elements theory of transfer refers to Thorndike's contention that the extent to which learning transfers from one situation to another is determined by the similarity between the two (2) situations.
Identical twins refer to two (2) offsprings developed from a single zygote that completely divides into two separate, genetically identical zygotes.

Identical twins are children born at t

identification refer to Freud"s term for the child"s tendency to emulate another person, usually the same-sex parent. It is the children's imitation of the beliefs and Behavior of the same-

Identification with aggressor refers to a defense mechanism in which the individual identifies with an opponent that he or she cannot master, taking on characteristics of that person. Identification is an ego defense mechanism, postulated by Anna Freud, whereby the fear caused by a person is reduced by adopting the feared person's values.