Glossary I

Idiographic Case Formulation refers to an approach to case formulation or assessment that emphasizes the detailed representation of the individual child or family as a unique entity.

Idiographic research is defined as the intensive study of a relatively small number of subjects using a variety of assessment techniques.

Idiomorphs refers to a sound or sound sequence used consistently by a child to refer to someone or something even though it is not the sound sequence conventionally used in the language for that purpose.

- IDIOPATHIC LEARNING DISABILITY : Idiopathic learning disability refers to a disorder of unknown cause.

Idiosyncrasy credits refer to iInterpersonal credits a minority gains by going along with the majority. These are credits a person earns, over time, by conforming to group norms; if enough Idiosyncrasy credits are earned, the person can, on occasion, behave deviantly without retribution from the group. In Edwin Hollander’s explanation for the leniency groups sometimes display toward high status members who violate group norms, the hypothetical interpersonal credit or bonus that is earned each time the individual makes a contribution to the group but is decreased each time the individual influences others, makes errors , or deviates from the group’s norms.

- Idiosyncratic (fiat equivalence, random) classification : Idiosyncratic (fiat equivalence, random) classification is a term in classification tasks that refers to grouping together of items without justification related to any physical or conceptual characteristics of the stimuli; contrast with perceptual, complementary, and conceptual classification.

Idiot savant refers to a person with autism or some other mental disability who is exceptionally gifted in a highly specialized field, as in mathematics (rapid mental calculation) or music (ability to play a complex piece of music after hearing it only once). Idiot savant is now an outdated term, the current term used now is Autistic savant

Idiot savants refer to Autistic individuals who excel in specific abilities such as mental arithmetic, drawing, painting or music

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