The Interaction model of anxiety is based on a distinction between state anxiety (A - State) and trait anxiety (A - Trait). A - State is a transitory condition characterized by a response of tension and apprehension.


There are two basic components of A - State:

  • cognitive reactions, consisting of self - ruminative thoughts focussing on inadequacies and potential failures, and
  • autonomic or emotional responses, consisting of sympathetic nervous system reactions such as rapid heart rate and dry mouth.

A - Trait is also a multidimensional construct reflecting an individual's predisposition to experience A - State.

Factor analyses revealed that A - Trait consists of at least four dimensions:

Interactional anxiety is also based on a person by situation model. As is the case for an interaction in analysis of variance, the effects of the person variable (A - Trait) on behaviour (A - State) are expected to differ across situations.


Related Articles

Internal working model at■■■■■
Internal working model refers to infant’s understanding of how responsive and dependable the mother . . . Read More
Anxiety disorders at■■■■
Anxiety disorders refer to a group of serious yet treatable health problems, chronic condition characterized . . . Read More
Causing Anxiety at■■■■
Causing Anxiety: These things can cause anxiety; - - Medical Conditions:; - - Asthma., - Carcinoid., . . . Read More
Anxiety at■■■■
Anxiety refers to a sense of apprehension and fear often marked by physical symptoms (such as sweating, . . . Read More
Schematic Propositional Associative and Analogic Representational Systems at■■■■
Schematic Propositional Associative and Analogic Representational Systems (SPAARS) refers to one of . . . Read More
Hierarchical model at■■■■
Hierarchical model: A hierarchical model is a construct in which component variables and systems of ecological . . . Read More
State anxiety at■■■
State anxiety refers to a temporary condition of dread or uneasiness stemming from a specific situation. . . . Read More
Competitive Anxiety at■■■
Competitive Anxiety: Competition can cause athletes to react both physically (somatic) and mentally . . . Read More
DTs at■■■
DTs is the abbreviations of Delirium tremens that refers to a physical Condition consisting of autonomic . . . Read More
Compulsion at■■■
Compulsion refers to the uncontrollable, repetitive, and unwanted urge to perform an act; serves as a . . . Read More