Glossary J

Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776-1841) likened ideas to Leibniz's monads by saying that they had energy and a consciousness of their own.

- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832) : Johann Wolfgang von Goethe believed that life is characterized by choices between opposing forces and that much about humans is forever beyond scientific understanding.

- Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630) : Johannes Kepler determined the elliptical paths of the planets around the sun by observation and mathematical deduction. Kepler also did pioneer work in optics.

- Johannes Müller (1801 - 1858) : Johannes Müller expanded the Bell-Magendie law by demonstrating that each sense receptor, when stimulated, releases an energy specific to that particular receptor. This finding is called The Doctrine of specific nerve energies.

John refers to a slang term that refers to a prostitute ’s client.

John B. Watson was born in 1878 in a rural community outside Greenville, South Carolina, where he attended the local country schools near his parents' farm.

- John Dewey (1859-1952) : John Dewey refers to a key person in the development of Functionalism. For some, The 1896 publication of Dewey's article "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology" marked the formal beginning of the school of Functionalism