Glossary J

Jumping to Conclusions means drawing hasty and unwarranted conclusions

In the context of psychology, junction refers to the intersection of multiple cognitive processes or mental representations. The concept of junction is closely related to the idea of mental integration, which refers to the way in which different aspects of cognition are combined to form a unified understanding of the world.

Understanding Jurisdiction in the Psychology Context: Examples, Recommendations, and Related Concepts

Jurisdiction in the Psychology Context:

In psychology, the term "jurisdiction" is not commonly used. However, the concept of jurisdiction can be related to the field in specific contexts. Jurisdiction typically refers to the legal authority or geographical area within which laws and regulations are enforced. In psychology, it can be metaphorically applied to situations where specific boundaries or domains influence the practice and study of psychology. In this context, jurisdiction can pertain to ethical guidelines, professional boundaries, and areas of expertise within psychology.

Jurisdictional ambiguity refers to conflict caused by a disagreement about geographical territory or lines of authority.

Jury selection is dfined as a process in which Attorneys for the prosecution and defense choose jurors for a case from a larger pool of possible jurors. Forensic Ssychologists may be consulted to assist Attorneys with jury selection.

Jury shadowing is defined as the process of hiring individuals similar to those who are serving on a given jury and monitoring their reactions to the testimony as it is presented at the trial. The reactions of the shadow jurors are used to anticipate the reactions of the actual jurors and may serve as the basis for a shift in courtroom strategy.

Just deserts refer to the notion that criminal offenders deserve the punishment they receive at the hands of the law, and that punishments should be appropriate to the type and severity of crime committed. Just deserts, moreover is a philosophy of justice which asserts that the punishment should fit the crime and culpability of the offender. Please see also Retribution .

Just noticeable difference (JND) refers to the sensation that results if a change in stimulus intensity exceeds the differential threshold; any noticeable difference in a stimulus. Just noticeable difference (JND) is a term coined by Fechner that refers to the internal sensation evoked by one difference threshold and the basic unit defining an internal psychological scale. Please see also Differential threshold.