Glossary W

withdrawn refers to a path to peer rejection in which children are shy and selfconscious.

withdrawn-rejected children refer to a sub-group of rejected children who are usually passive, socially anxious, socially unskilled, and insensitive to peer-group expectations

within-group designs refer to designs in which the same group of participants is compared at different points in time, as in before and after a treatment is administered

Within-subjects design refers to a research design in which the different groups of scores are all obtained from the same group of participants. It is a research paradigm in which the same experimental subjects participate in different experimental conditions . Moreover, it is a research design that uses each participant as his or her own control ; for example, the behavior of a participant before receiving treatment might be compared to his or her behavior after receiving treatment. Within-subjects design is allso known as Repeated-measures design.

Within-subjects experimental design refers to an experimental design in which the same group of individuals participates in all of the different treatment conditions . Within-subjects experimental design is also known as a Repeated-measures experimental design.

- Witmer, Lightner (1867-1956) : Witmer, Lightner is considered to be the founder of Clinical Psychology .

witness preparation means helping witnesses present their testimony more effectively without changing the facts to which their testimony is directed. Forensic psychologists may be consulted to assist with many aspects of witness preparation, such as preparing them for the sheer experience of being a witness in the courtroom; making recommendations as to their appearance, the manner in which they present facts, and many others

Wolffian ducts refers to early precursors to male reproductive structures. It is one of a pair of structures in the embryo that, when exposed to testosterone , will develop into the male reproductive system .

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