Glossary W

- Williams syndrome (WS) : Williams syndrome (WS) refers to a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a recognizable pattern of dysmorphic facial features, cardiovascular and physical abnormalities, mental retardation, a specific cognitive profile, and a distinct personality. It is a disorder that produces severe mental retardation but leaves language functions relatively intact. Moreover, it is a type of mental retardation (low IQ) in which the person has relatively good language skills in spite of extremely limited abilities in other regards

Williard W. Hartup Born: 1927 - Fremont, Ohio Current: Regents Professor at the Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota. Education: Ed.D. Harvard University Achievements: Performed major research on the impact of child friendships on development; G. Stanley Hall Award for Distinguished Contributions to Developmental Psychology, American Psychological Association, 1991.

Deutsch: Bereitschaft / Español: Disposición / Português: Disposição / Français: Volonté / Italiano: Disponibilità /

Willingness in the Psychology Context: Exploring Motivation, Change, and Personal Growth

In psychology, willingness is a fundamental concept that reflects an individual's readiness, motivation, and openness to engage in certain behaviors, make changes, or pursue personal growth. It plays a significant role in the process of behavior change, therapy, and self-improvement. Understanding the concept of willingness in the psychology context is essential as it sheds light on how individuals initiate and sustain positive changes, overcome obstacles, and build resilience. This knowledge can guide individuals in enhancing their willingness to make healthy choices, manage challenges effectively, and foster personal growth. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the concept of willingness in psychology, provide numerous examples of its applications, offer recommendations for enhancing willingness, discuss treatment approaches for overcoming barriers to change, and list some similar concepts within the field of psychology.

Willis, Thomas (1621–1675) refers to English anatomist best known for his work on the blood circulation of the brain.

Deutsch: Willenskraft / Español: Fuerza de voluntad / Português: Força de vontade / Français: Volonté / Italiano: Forza di volontà

Willpower in the psychology context refers to the ability to resist short-term temptations and impulses in order to achieve long-term goals. It is a concept deeply rooted in various psychological disciplines, including cognitive psychology, social psychology, and personality psychology. Willpower is often equated with self-control or self-discipline, emphasizing the effortful regulation of behavior, emotions, and thoughts in the pursuit of personal objectives.

Wilson Leash principle refers to Wilson's contention that humans create culture because doing so enhances survival. Therefore, there is, or should be, a close relationship between culture and the satisfaction of biological needs. In this sense, it can be said that "biology holds culture on a leash".

Window of vulnerability refers to the fact that, at certain times, people are more vulnerable to particular health problems. For example, early adolescence constitutes a window of vulnerability for beginning smoking, drug use, and alcohol abuse

Wingate test refers to anaerobic power test to evaluate maximal rate at which glycolysis can deliver ATP.

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