Physiology is the scientific study of functions and mechanisms in a living system. As a sub-discipline of biology, physiology focuses on how organisms, organ systems, individual organs, cells, and biomolecules carry out the chemical and physical functions in a living system.

Other /More definition:

Physiology is defined as the biological study of the functions of living organisms and their parts.

In psychology, the term "physiology" refers to the scientific study of the functions and processes of living organisms, including the study of how their bodies work and the underlying mechanisms that support these functions.

Physiology is an important field in psychology, as it provides a foundation for understanding the biological and physical basis of behavior, cognition, and emotional states. It is often closely related to other fields such as neuroscience, which focuses on the structure and function of the nervous system, and endocrinology, which focuses on the hormones and other chemical signaling molecules that regulate physiological processes.

Examples of how physiology might be relevant in psychology include:


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