theories are theories which are derived from the Behavioral sciences and which focus on the individual as the unit of analysis. Psychological theories place the locus of crime causation within the personality of the individual offender. Likewise, Psychological theories are theories that view mental disorders as caused by psychological processes, such as beliefs, thinking styles, and coping styles
treatment are treatment geared to changing emotions, thoughts, or behavior without the use of medications or other physical or biological means. Psychological Treatments attempt to change behaviors, thoughts, and thought processes that impair daily living, thereby improving functioning. Psychological treatment is practiced by Clinical psychologists, Psychiatrists, Social workers and Counselors. Psychological treatments include four types of Psychotherapy
study of the thought processes and behavior of humans and other animals in their interaction with the environment. Psychology is a collection of academic, clinical and industrial disciplines concerned with the hows and whys of behavior, thought-processes, emotions, motivations, relationships, potentials and pathologies. The root of the word psychology is Psyche means "soul" or "spirit" or "mind" in ancient Greek and logos "stuy of", and thus Psychology was sometimes considered a study of the soul (in a religious sense of this term) Psychology is likewise, defined as an academic and applied field which involves the study of mind and behavior. It also refers to the application of such knowledge to various spheres of human activity, including problems of individuals' daily lives and the treatment of mental illness. Psychology differs from Sociology, Anthropology, Economics, and Political science in part because it involves the study of the mental processes and behavior of individuals, alone or in groups, rather than the behavior of the groups or aggregates themselves. Psychology differs from Biology and Neuroscience because it is primarily concerned with the interaction of mental processes and behavior and of the overall processes of a system, and not simply the biological or neural processes themselves. Psychology emerged as a separate discipline only recently, although psychological questions were asked in antiquity (see Aristotle's De Memoria et Reminiscentia or "On Memory and Recollection"). Wilhelm Wundt was the first person to call himself a "Psychologist" who opened the first psychological laboratory in 1879.