Adjustment Disorder refers to a type of mental disorder which resulted from maladaptive, or unhealthy, responses to stressful or psychologically distressing life events .

 

This low level of adaptation then leads to the development of emotional or behavioral symptoms. An adjustment disorder represents significant difficulty in adjusting to the new reality.
The stressful events that precipitate an Adjustment Disorder are varied, which may include the loss of a job; the end of a romantic relationship; a life transition such as a career change or retirement; a serious accident or sickness; or some stressors like relocating to a new area. DSM-IV-TR specifies six (6) subtypes of Adjustment Disorder, each with its own predominant symptoms:

(1) With depressed mood: The chief manifestations are feelings of sadness and depression, with a sense of accompanying hopelessness. The patient may be tearful and have uncontrollable bouts of crying.
(2) With anxiety: The patient is troubled by feelings of apprehension, nervousness, and worry. He or she may also feel jittery and unable to control his or her thoughts of doom. Children with this subtype may express fears of separation from parents or other significant people, and refuse to go to sleep alone or attend school.
(3) With mixed anxiety and depressed mood: The patient has a combination of symptoms from the previous two (2) subtypes.
(4) With disturbance of conduct: This subtype involves such noticeable behavioral changes as shoplifting, truancy, reckless driving, aggressive outbursts, or sexual promiscuity. The patient disregards the rights of others or previously followed rules of conduct with little concern, guilt or remorse.
(5) With mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct: The patient exhibits sudden changes in behavior combined with feelings of depression or anxiety. He or she may feel or express guilt about the behavior, but then repeat it shortly thereafter.
(6) Unspecified: This subtype covers patients who are adjusting poorly to stress but who do not fit into the other categories. These patients may complain of physical illness and pull away from social contact.

Adjustment Disorders which can can occur at any stage of life. may lead to suicide or suicidal thinking. They may also complicate the treatment of other diseases when, for instance, a sufferer loses interest in taking medication as prescribed or adhering to diets or exercise regimens.


Other definition:
Adjustment disorder refers to a DSM-IV classification designating the development of clinically significant symptoms in response to stress in which the symptoms are not severe enough to warrant classification as another mental disorder.


Other definition:

adjustment disorder refers to stress-related disorder that involves emotional and behavioral symptoms (depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and/or antisocial behaviors ) that arise within three (3) months of the onset of a stressor


List of books: Adjustment,Disorder

Related Articles

Mood Disorders at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
A set of Mood Disorders is a class of disorders marked by emotional disturbances that may spill over . . . Read More
Depression at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
Depression: Depression refers to a common mental disorder that presents with depressed mood, loss of . . . Read More
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) refers to a chronic disorder that initially manifests . . . Read More
Adjustment disorders at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Adjustment disorders are characterized by the development of emotional or behavioral symptoms in response . . . Read More
PTSD at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
PTSD is the acronym of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder that refers to a syndrome that results after exposure . . . Read More
Axis IV at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Axis IV refers to the diagnostic axis of the DSM-IV that specifies any psychosocial or environmental . . . Read More
Behavioral theory of depression at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Behavioral theory of depression: Behavioral theory of depression refers to a view that depression results . . . Read More
Anxiety at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Anxiety refers to a sense of apprehension and fear often marked by physical symptoms (such as sweating, . . . Read More
Bereavement at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Bereavement refers to the painful loss of a loved one through death; the state or condition caused by . . . Read More
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is defined as Anxiety disorder which is characterized by the following:; . . . Read More