Glossary B

Basal ganglia also called the Basal nuclei (deep nuclei of the telencephalon) refers to set of subcortical forebrain structures lateral to the hypothalamus . The Structures include the caudate nucleus , putamen, globus pallidus , substantia nigra, and subthalamic nuclei. Important relay stations in motor behavior , for example, the striato-pallidothalamic loop. Coordinate stereotyped postural and reflexive motor activity; forebrain structures important for motor control .

Basal metabolic rate refers to the speed at which the body consumes calories

- Basal Metabolic Rate: Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) refers to metabolic rate measured in supine position following a twelve-hour fast, and eight (8) hours of sleep.

Basal metabolism refers to the rate of energy use while the body is at rest, used largely for maintaining a constant body temperature

Basal nuclei is also called the Basal ganglia are deep nuclei of the telencephalon. Structures include the caudate nucleus , putamen, globus pallidus , substantia nigra, and subthalamic nuclei. They are important relay stations in motor behavior (for example, the striato-pallidothalamic loop). Coordinate stereotyped postural and reflexive motor activity.

Base of the cochlea refers to the part of the basilar membrane nearest the middle ear.

Base rate refers to the frequency with which a disorder occurs in the general population.

Base rate fallacy refers to the tendency to ignore or under-use base rate information and instead to be influenced by the distinctive features of the case being judged

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